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Warrenmang Vineyard, Moonambel
Warrenmang Vineyard is located near Moonambel, approximately 25km NW of Avoca, in the Pyrenees Region, one of Victoria and Australia’s premier wine growing districts.
It is a high achievement oriented vineyard, and is the recipient of many awards for wines of excellence produced from its grapes over a long period of time. Located two hours from Melbourne, Warrenmang Vineyard was first planted in 1974 and has been
expanded to its present 9.7ha of planting. Warrenmang Vineyard was originally planted by a pioneer of the Pyrenees wine renaissance, Walter Henning, who will still be actively involved as a member of the Company’s management team, and in doing so will bring to the Company unparalleled experience, knowledge and skills in regard to the Pyrenees Region, its viticulture and quality wine making.
Warrenmang Vineyard – 145 Acres with approximately 25.25 Acres of mature plantings of Shiraz, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon,
Merlot, Dolcetto, Chardonnay and Traminer.
The Mountain Creek Vineyard
Immediately adjacentto Warrenmang Vineyard and therefore shares many of the same characteristics. It was first planted in 1975 and therefore has a combination of mature and young vines, with 8ha currently planted.
The mature cabernet sauvignon and sauvignon blanc vines have enabled first releases of these varietals under the Warrenmang Estate brand to achieve high standards of quality. The Mountain Creek Vineyard includes further plantings of shiraz, cabernet franc and pinot gris. Further planting of an additional 8ha can be undertaken at Mountain Creek. The first release of sauvignon blanc under the Warrenmang label with fruit from the Mountain Creek Vineyard was of superb quality. Luigi was delighted when it was selected to be served to Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip during their tour of Victoria in March 2000.
Mountain Creek Vineyard - immediately adjacent to Warrenmang Vineyard and therefore shares many of the same characteristics. It was first planted in 1975 and therefore has a combination of mature and young vines, with 20 Acres currently planted. The mature cabernet sauvignon and sauvignon blanc vines have enabled first releases of these varietals under the Warrenmang Estate brand to achieve high standards of quality. The Mountain Creek Vineyard includes further plantings of shiraz, cabernet franc and pinot gris. Further planting of an additional 20 acres can be undertaken at Mountain Creek.
Avoca Vineyard, Avoca
The vineyard 5km to the east of Avoca has 10ha under vine and is the source of Luigi Bazzani's most recent award winning wine, the Black Puma Shiraz.
The shiraz vines were planted in 1990 and since reaching maturity have shown the potential of the Avoca Vineyard. This success prompted additional plantings in 1998 and 2002 of the Italian varieties of barbera, brunello, dolcetto, nebbiolo and pinot grigio, taking the total plantings to 10ha. Approximately another 5ha are available for planting at Avoca Vineyard.
Avoca Vineyard – 85 Acres renowned for its premium fruit, with 19 year old Shiraz vines and a range of Italian varietals includingNebiolo, Barbera Sangiovese, Dolcetto, Brunello and Pinot Grigio.
The soil within the Pyrenees Region is generally of a gravelly shale and quartz with the Warrenmang Vineyard, Mountain Creek Vineyard and GlenKara Estate predominantly one soil type. The characteristics of that soil type are:
• rich topsoil overlaying deep clay subsoil, which isconsistent with the production of fruit for superpremium and ultra premium wine
• the soil is relatively consistent throughout theproperties
• salinity levels are low and do not adversely affect vine growth at all
• the soil nutrients are near ideal, but the low pH has been adjusted with the addition of lime. This is normal practice for soils with a similar pH, and
• the major quality aspect of this soil is its ability toretain water. The mix of free draining topsoil over clay provides a foundation for retention of soil moisture to support balanced vine growth and ease of irrigation management.
The Pyrenees Region has an historical rainfall of approximately 500mm, and in most seasons the estimated irrigation requirement for premium vineyards in this region is 1.0 to 2.5ML of stored water per hectare of vineyard.
Warrenmang Vineyard has a number of dams constructed with capacity to meet its current needs. New plantings are irrigated with recycled water from the Warrenmang Vineyard Resort
The climate measurements recorded at the closest weather stations (Avoca, Landsborough, Elmhurst, Ararat and Stawell) plus local knowledge have enabled
a thorough assessment of the meso-climate of the Pyrenees Region. Potential disease pressures are low due to the favourable climatic factors. Long, warm days and cool evenings provide perfect conditions for ripening. This helps to produce robust vines which require reduced spraying.
The average rainfall is 500mm with approximately half falling during the growing season. This rainfall is sufficient to support vine growth and not to cause fruit disease problems. Climate is spring-rainfall dominant, with cold winters and mild to warm summers. Summer and autumn night temperatures are low, day temperatures generally less than 35C, providing long, cool to mild ripening periods, ideal for the production of premium winegrapes.
The elevation of the Warrenmang Vineyard is approximately 450 metres, with a combination of red clay/loam soils and gentle slopes. The vineyard site is planted well above the frost-risk zone. Winegrapes grown under these conditions generally provide intense fruit flavours together with some finesse and elegance, avoiding the hotter, high alcohol characters sometimes seen in wines from a warmer region.
The Avoca Vineyard is mainly moderately undulating, generally rising up from the road frontage and having a predominantly westerly aspect. Soils are mainly gravelly, yellow clay with areas of rock.
The southern portion of the Mountain Creek Vineyard is moderately undulating and has a predominantly southerly aspect. It rises steeply towards the northern section which adjoins the Kara Kara State Forest. Soils are gravelly and clay loams along with alluvial soils and rocky outcrops in the hilly areas